What is the difference
between a phrase and a sentence?
 

        Phrase             vs.       Sentence
       subject = noun phrase                              subject + predicate = sentence
 
predicate = verb phrase                noun phraseverb phrase = sentence

 
A phrase is a group of
    words that do not express a
    complete thought
.

                       EXAMPLES
           the car (noun phrase)
                             OR
       is speeding (verb phrase)

                
A sentence is a group of
    words that do express a
    complete thought
.

                       EXAMPLE
           The car is speeding.
  (noun phrase + verb phrase = sentence)
                     
 
A phrase is not a complete
     sentence
because it lacks a
     subject or predicate or both.

                       EXAMPLES
             the baby (subject)
                            OR
  sleeps in a carriage (predicate)
                      
A sentence is a complete
     sentence
when  it has a
     subject and a predicate.

                       EXAMPLE
    The baby sleeps in a carriage.
       (subject + predicate = sentence)
                
 
 
A phrase does not give enough
     information about the subject or
     the predicate
.

                      EXAMPLES
     many candles (noun phrase)
                            OR
  burn on the cake (verb phrase)
                 

A sentence does give complete
     information
.

                    EXAMPLE
  Many candles burn on the cake.
 (noun phrase + verb phrase = sentence)
                 
 

Keep these points in mind...

A phrase does not express a complete thought.
A phrase is not a sentence!

Noun Phrase + Verb Phrase = Sentence
Subject + Predicate = Sentence

 

Click on the juggler to practice!

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